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The geology of Dudley borough and the Black Country has played a significant role in shaping the area’s heritage and ingenuity. The natural resources found under the ground have brought wealth to the area for hundreds of years. The Black Country became a Global Geopark in 2020 in recognition of its international importance of its natural and cultural heritage. For more information, see the Black Country Global Geopark section below.

Fossil remains such as ammonites, corals and trilobites, some dating from 420 million years ago have been found in the area. Limestone, created by the shells of tiny creatures living in the shallow tropical sea the area was once covered by, has created a unique and interesting heritage for the area.